Bricks and Mortar
When we think of builders, we believe of bricks and mortar building, steel beams, cement mixers and concrete(betong kristiansand). But each region has its own, unique traditional building methods developed by local builders over the years. These largely depend on local materials and are often the outcome of trial and error, mistakes and successes.
Locally available materials have a knack of addressing local needs. Developing their use in construction is something that can take many years to perfect as the environmental, cultural and historical contexts of an area evolve. Local tradition can be substantial in passing on building(murer kristiansand) know-how through the generations, and modern architects and builders can often benefit from the aesthetic and functional discoveries that these building(murmester kristiansand) methods reveal.
So what are the main influences on these types of indigenous building work?
Climate is key. In cold climates, buildings will need a good deal of insulation and windows will be small, if there are any at all. In hot climates, building materials(piperehabilitering) need not be so substantial, and good air circulation will be a factor. Most complicated are buildings in a seasonal climate where the building will need to adapt from hot temperatures to cold.
Rainfall is significant too. Where rainfall is high, roofs are likely to be pitched high and will certainly not be flat. Where flooding is a risk, homes are sometimes built on stilts to avoid damage to the interior. In windy regions, builders will construct to prevent exposure to prevailing winds. It is not uncommon in warmer climates to build around a courtyard. This provides an external area sheltered from the sun and heat. If the courtyard also includes a pond or fountain this can provide some welcome relief from a dry atmosphere.
Local materials and environment also play a vital part. An area which enjoys full wood will develop timber based methods of construction, while other sectors will use local stone or even mud. Vegetation is also an option, including straw, seagrass and leaves. As long as the source of material is sustainable, local builders can experiment and refine their methods over many years.
Culture is an influence on local building too. Where extended families live together often there will be a central building for cooking, eating and socialise and then separate buildings for various parts of the family to sleep in. In polygamous cultures, this will include separate buildings for the wives. In a western culture single dwellings are divided into different rooms so that everyone gets some privacy while all living under the same roof and spending time together in the social areas of the home. Almost always villages will have a central meeting area of some sort for celebrations and communal activities.